Cancer Report

Red Meat and Processed Meat Consumption and Cancer

A Technical Summary of the Epidemiologic Evidence

Principal Investigator:  Dominik D. Alexander, PhD, MSPH

Funded by the Beef Checkoff through the National Cattlemen's Beef Association and
The National Pork Board

Author’s Note

Executive Summary

Section 1:  Diet, Meat, and Cancerr

Section 2:  Epidemiology:  Design, Methodology, and Applications

Section 3:  Digestive and Gastrointestinal Cancers
                 Colorectal Cancer
                 Stomach Cancer
                 Esophageal Cancer
                 Liver Cancer
                 Pancreatic Cancer

Section 4:  Breast Cancer

Section 5:  Genitourinary System Cancers
                 Prostate Cancer
                 Kidney Cancer
                 Bladder Cancer
                 Testicular and Penile Cancers

Section 6:  Gynecologic Cancers
                 Ovarian Cancer
                 Endometrial Cancer
                 Cervical and Vaginal Cancers

Section 7:  Lung Cancer

Section 8:  Lymphohematopoietic Cancers
                 Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
                 Hodgkin Lymphoma
                 Multiple Myeloma

Section 9:  Other Cancers
                 Head and Neck Cancers
                 Endocrine Cancers – Thyroid Cancers
                 Skin Cancer
                 Brain and Central Nervous System Cancers

Section 10:  Red and Processed Meat and Cancer:  Interpretation

Section 11:  Extrapolating Epidemiologic Evidence into Public Health Recommendations
                   (including the Summary Statement and The Bottom Line)

Section 12:  References